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綠色採購

政府採購法第九

政府採購法第九十六條
Government Procurement Act

第九十六條

機關得於招標文件中,規定優先採購取得政府認可之環境保護標章使用許可,而其效能相同或相似之產品,並得允許百分之十以下之價差。產品或其原料之製造、使用過程及廢棄物處理,符合再生材質、可回收、低污染或省能源者,亦同。其他增加社會利益或減少社會成本,而效能相同或相似之產品,準用前項之規定。

前二項產品之種類、範圍及實施辦法,由主管機關會同行政院環境保護署及相關目的事業主管機關定之。

Article 96

An entity may provide in the tender documentation that preference shall be given to a product which has been permitted to use a label of environment protection approved by the government, and in addition has the same or similar functions. The said preference may include a price preference of not exceeding ten percent. Such preference shall also be given where a product or its raw material is manufactured, used, and disposed of in such manner that conform to recycled materials, returnable products, low pollution, or energy-saving requirements.
The preceding paragraph shall apply mutatis mutandis to other products which either increase social benefits or reduce social costs, and have the same or similar functions required.
The categories and coverage of products referred to in the two preceding paragraphs and the implementing regulations thereof shall be jointly prescribed by the responsible entity, the Environmental Protection Administration of the Executive Yuan, and other competent entities.

六條

機關優先採購環境保護產品辦法

Regulations for Priority Procurement of Eco-Products
第一條
本辦法依政府採購法(以下簡稱本法)第九十六條第三項規定訂定之。

Article 1

This Regulations is prescribed pursuant to paragraph 3 of Article 96 of the Government Procurement Act (hereinafter referred to as the "Act")

第二條
本法第九十六條之用詞定義如下:
  1. 效能相同或相似之產品,指環境保護產品之效能經招標機關認定與招標文件之規定相同或相似者。
  2. 再生材質,指回收材質經由再製過程,製成最終產品或產品之組件。
  3. 可回收,指產品或其組件於廢棄後可經由收集、處理而轉變為原物料或產品。
  4. 低污染,指產品或其材料之設計、製造或使用,具有減少產生有害或有毒物質之功能者。
  5. 省能源,指產品或其材料之使用,具有減少能源消耗之功能者。
  6. 增加社會利益或減少社會成本,指產品或其材料之設計、製造或使用,具有降低對有限資源之依賴、減少資源之消耗、開發新種資源之使用或其他類似情形者。

Article 2

The terms used in Article 96 of the Act shall have the following definitions:
1. Products having the same or similar functions mean that the functions of the environmental protection product are accepted by the entity as being the same or similar to that prescribed in the tender documentation.
2. Recycled materials mean the final products or assembly parts that are re-manufactured by used materials.
3. Returnable means that a product or its parts can be transformed into raw material or products through collection and processing after being discarded.
4. Low pollution means the design, manufacture or use of a product or its materials possesses the function of reducing the production of harmful or toxic substances.
5. Energy saving means that the use of a product or its material possesses the function of reducing energy consumption.
6. Increase social benefits or reduce social costs means that the design, manufacture or use of a product or its material can reduce the reliance on limited resources, reduce consumption on resources, develop the usage of new resources or have similar effect.

第三條
本法第九十六條第一項所稱政府認可之環境保護標章(以下簡稱環保標章)使用許可之產品,指該產品屬環保署公告之環保標章產品項目,且符合下列情形之一者(以下簡稱第一類產品):
  1. 取得行政院環境保護署(以下簡稱環保署)認可之環保標章使用許可。
  2. 取得與我國達成相互承認協議之外國環保標章使用許可。

Article 3

A product to be permitted to use a label of environment protection (hereinafter referred to as a "Eco-label”) approved by the government referred to in paragraph 1 of Article 96 of the Act means a product that is one of the EP products announced by the Environmental Protection Administration and meets one of the following circumstances (hereinafter referred to as the “category I products”):
1. Having obtained permission to use an Eco-label from the Environmental Protection Administration of Executive Yuan (hereinafter referred to as the "EPA”).
2. Having obtained permission to use an Eco-label from a foreign country that has mutual recognition agreement with this nation.

第四條
本法第九十六條第一項所稱產品或其原料之製造、使用過程及廢棄物處理,符合再生材質、可回收、低污染或省能源者,指非屬環保署公告之環保標章產品項目之產品,經環保署認定符合此等條件,並發給證明文件者(以下簡稱第二類產品)。

Article 4

A product or its raw material to be manufactured, used, and disposed of in such condition that conforms to recycled material, returnable product, low pollution, or energy-saving requirement referred to in paragraph 1 of Article 96 of the Act means a product that is not one of the Eco-label products announced by the EPA but has been approved by the EPA as satisfying the condition and been issued with a certificate (hereinafter referred to as the “category II products”).

第五條
已取得外國環保標章使用許可,而不及於投標前取得前二條環保標章使用許可或證明文件者,得於投標文件內先行提出經公證或認證之外國環保標章使用許可證明影本,並於招標文件規定之期限內取得前二條環保標章使用許可或證明文件。

Article 5

A Supplier which has been granted permission to use the Eco-label in a foreign country but has not been able to obtain permission or certificate to use the Eco-label referred to in the preceding two Articles prior to the submission of tender, may submit a notarized or certified copy of the foreign Eco-label permission document along with the tender, and obtain permission or certificate to use the Eco-label referred to in the preceding two Articles within a time-limit prescribed in the tender documentation.

第六條
本法第九十六條第二項所稱增加社會利益或減少社會成本之產品,指該產品經相關目的事業主管機關認定符合此等條件,並發給證明文件者(以下簡稱第三類產品)。

Article 6

Products which increase social benefit or reduce social cost referred to in paragraph 2 of Article 96 of the Act means products that have been approved by the competent entity responsible for such products as satisfying the condition and been issued with a certificate (hereinafter referred to as the “category III products”).

第七條
第二類及第三類產品之認定,由申請廠商向環保署或相關目的事業主管機關提出符合各該類產品之說明及下列資料供審查認定:
  1. 申請日前一年內,未曾受到各級環境保護機關按日連續處罰、停工、停業、勒令歇業、撤銷許可證或移送刑罰處分。
  2. 產品已訂有國家標準者,符合國家標準。
  3. 品質及安全性符合相關法規規定。

Article 7

To determine categories II and III products, the applicant shall provide to the EPA or the relevant competent entity, a statement demonstrating that the product in question has satisfied the conditions set for that category and the following documents for review:
1. Evidence to the effect that within the year before the date of the application, it has not been punished by any environmental protection entity of consecutive fine on a daily basis; suspension of production, suspension of business, close of business; withdrawal or revocation of approval, or referring to criminal sanction;
2. Where there is a national standard for the product in question, the standard has been met.
3. The quality and safety of the product in question satisfies the relevant legal requirements.
The handling and reviewing of application process referred to in the preceding paragraph may be assigned to private institutions.

第八條
本辦法所稱環境保護產品(以下簡稱環保產品),指第一類至第三類產品。

Article 8

Environmental protection products (hereinafter referred to as the ”EP products”) referred to in the Regulations mean products of categories I to III.

第九條
本辦法不適用下列採購:
  1. 依我國締結之條約或協定所辦理之採購。
  2. 招標標的僅部分屬環保產品者。

Article 9

This Regulations shall not apply to the following procurement:
1. Where the procurement is conducted in accordance with a treaty or agreement to which this nation is a party.
2. Only part of the subject of tendering is EP product.

第十條
機關依本辦法之規定辦理採購,應於招標文件中規定欲適用優惠措施之廠商須於投標文件內檢附下列資料供審查:
  1. 產品係屬第一類、第二類或第三類產品及其證明文件影本。
  2. 產品效能與招標文件之規定相同或相似之比較及其說明或證明資料。
  3. 允許價差優惠之採購,廠商之產品屬省能源、增加社會利益或減少社會成本者,其省能源、增加社會利益或減少社會成本之總金額及計算方式。
  4. 其他必要資料。

Article 10

In conducting a procurement in accordance with this Regulations, an entity shall prescribe in the tender documentation that a supplier who intends to be applicable to preferential measures shall provide the following information in its tender for review.
1. A copy of certificate stating that the product offered is a category I, category II, or category III product.
2. A comparison accompanied by an explanatory statement or certificate showing that the products’ function is the same or similar to that prescribed in the tender documentation.
3. For a procurement with price preference treatment, the supplier shall provide in its tender, the total value of energy thus saved, the social benefit thus increased, or the social costs thus reduced, and the method of calculation, provided that the supplier’s product is energy saving, may increase social benefit or reduce social cost.
4. Any other necessary information.

第十一條
機關依本辦法之規定優先採購環保產品,並允許價差優惠者,其優惠比率由機關視個別採購之特性及預算金額訂定之,並載明於招標文件。但不得逾百分之十。
前項優惠比率,於可量化之情形下,得以投標廠商之環保產品於招標文件所定使用期間內,就預估較非環保產品省能源、增加社會利益或減少社會成本之總金額,除以非環保產品中合於招標文件規定之最低標價,並以其商數之百分數為實際優惠比率。
前項實際優惠比率逾招標文件所定優惠比率者,以招標文件所定優惠比率計;未逾者,以實際優惠比率計。
第二項可量化之情形,欲適用價差優惠之廠商應於投標文件內敘明其產品預估省能源、增加社會利益或減少社會成本之總金額及其計算方式。

Article 11

When an entity conducts priority procurement of EP products and allows for price preference treatment, the rate of preference shall be prescribed by the entity in the tender documentation according to the characteristic and the budget of individual procurement.. However, the rate shall not be more than 10%.
If it can be quantified as to the estimated total value of energy saved, social benefit increased, or social cost reduced caused by EP products, and comparison of it to non-EP products during the term of use as set in the tender documentation, the aforesaid rate of preference may be calculated by dividing it to the lowest tender price of non-EP products that meet the requirements of tender documentation. The quotient percentage derived from the aforesaid formula shall be used as the actual rate of preference.
If the actual rate of preference referred to in the proceeding paragraph exceeds the rate of preference set out in the tender documentation, the rate of preference set out in the tender documentation shall apply. If the actual rate of preference does not exceed the rate of preference set out in the tender documentation, the actual rate of preference shall apply.
For circumstances provided in paragraph 2 which can be quantified, a supplier who intends to be applicable to preferential measures shall state in the tender the estimated total value of energy saved, social benefit increased, or social cost reduced, and the method of calculation.

第十二條
機關依本法第九十六條第一項優先採購環保產品者,得擇下列方式之一辦理,並載明於招標文件:
  1. 非環保產品廠商為最低標,且其標價符合本法第五十二條第一項最低標之決標原則者,得以該標價優先決標予環保產品廠商。
  2. 非環保產品廠商為最低標,其標價符合本法第五十二條第一項最低標之決標原則,而環保產品廠商之最低標價逾該非環保產品廠商標價之金額,在招標文件所定價差優惠比率以內者,決標予環保產品廠商;逾價差優惠比率者,不予洽減,決標予該非環保產品廠商。
依前項規定計算得優先決標予國內廠商之標價,其超底價決標或廢標,適用本法第五十三條第二項及第五十四條之規定。

Article 12

In conducting priority procurement of EP products in accordance with paragraph 1 of Article 96 of the Act, the entity may choose one of the following means and specify it in the tender documentation::
1. Where a non-EP product supplier’s tender is the lowest tender according to the principle of contract award prescribed in paragraph 1 of Article 52 of the Act, an EP product supplier may be awarded at the price of such a tender by preference.
2. Where a non-EP product tender is the lowest tender according to the principle of contract award prescribed in paragraph 1 of Article 52 of the Act, and if an EP product tender is higher than the non-EP product tender but is within the rate of price preference as set out in the tender documentation, the contract shall be awarded to the EP product tender. If the EP product tender is above the rate of price preference, price reduction is not allowed and the contract shall be awarded to the non-EP product tender.
If the price of the EP product tender resulting from the calculation provided in the preceding paragraph exceeds the government estimate or has to be nullified, the provisions set out in paragraph 2 of Article 53 and Article 54 of the Act shall apply.

第十三條
前條第一項第一款環保產品廠商僅一家者,機關得洽該廠商減價至最低標之標價決標;在二家以上者,機關得自標價低者起,依序洽各該環保產品廠商減價一次,由最先減至最低標之標價者得標。
機關依前項規定依序洽各環保產品廠商減價時,應優先洽第一類及第二類產品廠商減價,無法決標時再洽第三類產品廠商減價。
前條第一項第二款,招標文件所定價差優惠比率以內之環保產品廠商家數在二家以上者,機關應優先決標予第一類及第二類產品廠商,且不以第三類產品之標價是否低於第一類及第二類產品之標價為條件。

Article 13

If there is only one EP product tnder that meets the requirement of subparagraph 1of paragraph 1 of the proceeding Article, the entity may request such supplier to reduce the price to the lowest tender price for awarding the contract. If there are two or more EP product tenders, the entity may request in sequence from the EP product tenderer whose tender price is the lowest one among all EP product tenderers to reduce its tender price once, and award the contract to the one who first reduces its tender price to the lowest tender price.
While requesting EP product suppliers to reduce prices in sequence according to the proceeding paragraph, the entity shall request category I product and category II product suppliers to reduce prices first. Only when an award can’t be made to these suppliers the entity shall request category III product suppliers to reduce prices.
With respect to subparagraph 2 of paragraph 1of the preceding Article, if there are two or more EP product suppliers whose tender prices are within the rate of price difference of preference setting out in the tender documentation, the entity shall award the contract to category I product and category II product suppliers by preference without considering whether or not the tender price of the category III product is lower than that of categories I and II products.

第十四條
決標依本法第五十二條第一項第三款規定辦理者,得將廠商供應環保產品之情形,納入評定最有利標之評選項目。

Article 14

Where an award is conducted in accordance with subparagraph 3 of paragraph 1 of Article 52 of the Act, the circumstances on which the EP product is offered may be included as an item for evaluating the most advantageous tender.

第十五條
機關依本辦法規定優先採購環保產品,應於招標文件規定以環保產品得標之廠商,應於履約期間向機關提出與該產品有關之證明文件,以供查核。前項招標文件並應規定以環保產品得標之廠商,其於履約期間未依契約規定提供該產品時,機關得採行下列措施:
  1. 終止契約。
  2. 解除契約。
  3. 追償價差優惠損失。
  4. 不發還履約保證金。
  5. 依本法第七十二條第一項規定通知廠商限期改善、拆除、重作、退貨或換貨。
  6. 依本法第一百零一條規定辦理。
  7. 契約規定之其他措施。

Article 15

In conducting priority procurement of EP products in accordance with this Regulations, an entity shall prescribe in the tender documentation that a supplier awarded by its provision of EP products shall submit relevant certificates of such products for checking and verifying during the term of contract performance.
The tender documentation referred to in the proceeding paragraph shall also prescribe that the entity may adopt the following measures if a supplier awarded by its provision of EP products fails to meet the requirements of the contract to provide such products during the term of contract performance.
1. To terminate the contract.
2. To rescind the contract.
3. To claim damages against loss due to price preference treatment.
4. Not to return the performance bond.
5. To notify the supplier to make improvement, remove the rejected products, re-do the work, or recall or replace the rejected item within a time limit in accordance with paragraph 1 of article 72 of the Act.
6. To act in accordance with the provision set out in Article 101 of the Act.
7. To take other measures specified in the contract.

第十六條
主管機關對於採購環保產品績效卓著或有創新措施之機關或個人,得會同環保署及相關目的事業主管機關予以獎勵。

Article 16

Any person or entity with excellent performance or innovative measure in procuring EP products may be awarded jointly by the responsible entity, the EPA, and other competent entities.

第十七條
本辦法自中華民國八十八年五月二十七日施行。

Article 17

This Regulations shall take effect May 27, 1999.
The amendment to this Regulations shall take effect on the date of promulgation.

 

機關綠色採購推動方案

壹、前言

在二十一世紀環保潮流中,綠色消費是必然的趨勢,綠色消費與綠色生產是實現「環境保護與經濟發展相輔相成共存共榮」理想之最佳途徑。前者經由消費行為之養成,鼓勵民眾優先購買綠色產品而獲得環保效益;後者經由生產行為,鼓勵產業優先製造綠色產品而得到經濟利益。

環顧目前先進國家於鼓勵綠色消費之多種措施中,以推動政府機關之「綠色採購」(Green Procurement)為最重要。依據一九九六年OECD全體國家的數據調查顯示,政府消費約占百分之十至百分之十五,其中百分之三十屬於全國性政府層次的消費,百分之七十屬於地區性政府的消費,因此,如果建立政府綠色採購制度且確實施行,則其對環境的正面影響將十分地顯著。

貳、政府綠色採購實施現況

一、國外實施現況

目前已有許多國家的政府綠色採購措施可供我國參考,包括美國於一九九一年由總統命令政府機關必須優先採購綠色產品、使用再生物品(Waste Wi$e 計畫)及美國環保署於本(一九九九)年八月二十日公告「較環保性產品之採購指南」(Final Guidance on Environmentally Preferable Purchasing);加拿大之環境責任採購法案(Environmental Responsible Procurement)要求政府使用環保標章產品;丹麥之「提昇永續產品採購策略」(Strategy for the Promotion of Sustainable Procurement Policy)規定政府優先使用綠色產品等(詳如表一)。

綜觀這些策略與措施,可見其主要立意為,透過政府龐大的採購力量,優先購買對環境衝擊較少的綠色產品,一方面可直接獲得環保效益並鼓勵廠商生產可回收、低污染、省資源等產品,另一方面以示範方式,帶動綠色消費模式,達到教育一般消費者的目的。

二、我國的政府綠色採購立法現況

我國「政府採購法」於民國八十七年五月二十七日由總統華總(一)義字第八七00一0五七四0號令制定公布。依該法第九十六條內容規範,「政府機關得於招標文件中,規定優先採購取得政府認可之環境保護標章使用許可,而其效能相同或相似之產品,並得允許百分之十以下之價差。產品或其原料之製造、使用過程及廢棄物處理,符合再生材質、可回收、低污染或省能源者,亦同。其他增加社會利益或減少社會成本,而效能相同或相似之產品,准用前項之規定。前二項產品之種類、範圍及實施辦法,由主管機關會同行政院環境保護署及相關目的事業主管機關定之」。據此,我國成為全球第一個針對政府綠色採購立法完成的國家。

「機關優先採購環境保護產品辦法」(附件一)隨之於民國八十八年五月二十六日,由行政院公共工程委員會會銜行政院環境保護署公布,並於同年五月二十七日起與「政府採購法」同步施行。在此採購辦法中,除明定所謂「環境保護」產品種類,優惠比率、優先採購方式外,並將採購環保產品績效卓著之機關或個人之獎勵納入規範,此對機關落實綠色採購作業具相當鼓舞作用。

依「機關優先採購環境保護產品辦法」條文內容(第二條、第三條、第四條、第六條),將環境保護產品分為如下三類:

(一)    第一類產品:取得行政院環境保護署認可之環保標章使用許可以及取得與我國達成相互承認協議之外國環保標章使用許可者。

(二)    第二類產品:非屬環保署公告之環保標章產品項目之產品,經環保署認定符合再生材質、可回收、低污染或省能源條件,並發給證明文件者。

(三)    第三類產品:指該產品經相關目的事業主管機關認定符合「增加社會利益或減少社會成本」之產品,並發給證明文件者。

參、綠色採購目標

本方案目的為利用政府機關的龐大採購力量,優先購買對環境衝擊較少之產品,以鼓勵綠色產品的生產及使用,帶動綠色消費風氣,達到環境保護的效益。

    民國九十年為宣導鼓勵期,綠色採購目標比率定為百分之三十,民國九十一年目標值提高為百分之五十,即每年各機關採購辦公室文具紙張設備類的環境保護產品總金額,達該類產品之年度採購預算總金額的百分之五十以上。未來視實際執行情況再邀各機關商議次年採購目標。

推動範圍由行政院暨所屬各部會行處局署及台北市、高雄市政府開始進行,逐年擴大範圍如表二。

肆、執行措施

一、辦理採購專責人員訓練

(一)由各機關依其採購特性訂定綠色採購作業流程,並針對其採購人員定期提供訓練,以熟悉該機關之作業流程。

(二)由行政院環境保護署針對各機關採購人員,分期辦理綠色採購作業訓練講習班,提升採購人員對環境保護產品之認知,瞭解國內外綠色採購現況及發展趨勢,至八十九年止已辦理十八場次。

二、彙整綠色採購成果

(一)各機關應每半年填報綠色採購成果(如表三),於每年八月及二月底前送行政院環境保護署。

(二)由行政院環境保護署將每年各機關綠色採購成果彙整報行政院。

綠色採購成果填報流程如附圖。

三、提供綠色採購資訊

由行政院環境保護署提供綠色採購指南刊物、專線服務電話、即時網站等資訊,供各單位執行綠色採購作業參考。

推動環保標章及第二類環境保護產品計畫專線服務電話:0800-026945

推動環保標章及第二類環境保護產品計畫網站,站址為 http://greenmark.epa.gov.tw

伍、經費編列

各機關執行本方案所需經費由各機關於年度預算相關費用項下勻支。

陸、績效評核及獎勵措施

行政院暨所屬各部會行處局署及台北市、高雄市政府綠色採購之執行績效,由行政院環境保護署邀集行政院祕書處、行政院研考會、行政院公共工程委員會及其他相關機關、學者專家、民間團體等組成「綠色採購績效評核小組」,於年度終了後三個月內,執行績效評核作業。

各縣市政府則以宣導示範方式配合推動,暫不納為考核對象,往後俟推動情行再檢討是否納入考核。

依績效評核結果,就各機關年度綠色採購成果,評選採購績效卓著之單位及個人,專案報院並公開敘獎。

柒、作業分工

為使本方案順利推動,特劃定各主要工作項目之主辦及協辦機關,以利配合實施(詳如表四)。

捌、實施日期

本方案報行政院核定後施行